Description of the Tabor-hegy Guckler Nature Trail
Our association was inspired to protect the environment and show it to the hikers and excursionists with a nature trail, which could be found in the beatiful foresty part of the Buda hills. This was done due to the growing numbers of construction of the area and the sudden decrease in the portion of the natural territories. Hence in order to show these values to the local people and the picnicers as well we created this route in order to get acquainted with the natural life of this spectacular place.
The route, which shows exceptionally well the geographical characteristics and the specific habitats of the Buda Landscape Protection District, was planned by Karoly Guckler (1858-1923) forestry councilor. The picturesque sight providing nature trail runs on 360-380 m high and can be walked through in approx. 50 minutes. The here fulfilled nature trail used to contain ten stations representing the next to the trail occuring local tree species. However, due to some vandalism we were obliged to take off our signs. Nevertheless we still like to keep on improving the trail.
The geography of the area
The most part of the Tabor hegy is constructed by a sediment rock called dolomit. This rock was created 220 million years ago in the bed of the oceans. The fragmentation of the rock is very significant, which creates steep slopes and valleys making the landscapes very rich with various geomorphological forms. The soil is quite thin due to the fragmentation and the slopes with high mobility. Thus a so-called vase soil is created, which is poor in nutrients. However, on the less mobile slopes under the oak trees for instance much more fertile soil types can be produced.
The area bleongs to the moderately dry climate, where the annual medium temperature is 10-10,5 degrees Celsius, the annual precipitation is 700 mm and the variety of the landscape is also modified by the microclimatic changes, as well.
All of the factors together determine the local flora and fauna.
The flora and fauna of the area
The hereby living plants can be separated into forest association groups, which occurence depends on the above mentioned factors. The hornbeam-oaks mostly occur in the Easter parts where we can also meet shrubs and bushes. The calcaerous prefering oaks and the artifically planted Austrian pines are also significant here.
Due to the various plant species the fauna also shows a variebla picture. Here lives the biggest inspect species of Europe a grasshopper species (Saga pedo), shiny kitined dung beetles, swallow-taled butterflies (Papilio machalon) and the highly protected small apollon butterfly (Parnassius mnemosyne). Among the vertebrates the green lizard and the pannon lizard, the smallest reptile of Hungary live here. The birds are represented by the black woodpecker, the crows, bee-eater. We can also find squirrels.